History of Venice
Origins of Venice
Birth of the duchy and conquest of independence
the great expansion
Venice was a maritime Republic, like Genoa, Pisa and Amalfi, which dominated the trade in the Mediterranean and were an important naval force.
But it was the only maritime empire to resist to the wear of time and never fold under the foreign domination, to the Campaign of Italy of Bonaparte.
At the top of its power in the XIIIth century, Venice dominated a great part of the coasts of the Adriatic, Dalmatia, Istria, much of the islands of Aegean sea, Cyprus, Corfu, and it was the main military and commercial force in the Middle-East.
To the XVth century, the territory of the Republic also extended inland in the north of Italy, and from Brescia to Istria.
After the Xvth century, Venice known a political and territorial decline, particularly against Turkish, but in the XVIIIth century, the city remained among the most refined cities in Europe, with a strong influence on art, architecture and literature of the time.